Wednesday, March 27, 2019
death penalty Essay -- essays research papers
closing penalty Is it usurpation of human seriouss? Mohammad Towhidul Islam though the modern world is really sympathetic to the concept of human rights issues, terminal penalty as a go of capital penalization has still been in practice in the world. During 2001, at least 3048 people were executed in 31 countries as well as at least 5265 people were convictd to terminal in 68 countries. It is very interesting to see that some advanced countries, which be pioneer to the protection and promotion of human rights and also very blunt to the human rights situation in the developing world, do impose oddment penalty, even on children.Death penalty and human rightsThe Universal resolution of Human Rights 1948 has incorporated most of the human rights. It has specially enshrined the protection of the right to life in Article 3. However, Article 29 recognises that human rights and primaeval freedoms are subject to limits. Though it didnt specify clearly, it is presumed that by imp osing demolition penalty, right to life may be curtailed in authorized circumstances. The demise penalty is the only exception that is mentioned in Article 6 of the world(prenominal) Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1976. All rights of man block from one right, his right to life. Mans right is the prime(prenominal) cause of all other rights. It is not axiomatic (self-evident) but its absolute. The right to life, thus rooted in natural and ethical principles and usually inscribed in a countrys thorough and legal framework. In Criminology the word punishment is used to denote recompense and the offenders have to suffer different punishments depending on the aggravating form of offences. Though right to life is ensured and protected by the way of giving punishment to the wrongdoers, the right to life is curtailed when someones life is executed under death penalty. etymon of death penaltyDeath penalty as a form of punishment has been used throughout history by differen t societies. The first death penalty laws came as far as the Eighteen cytosine BCs in the Code of King Hammaurabi of Babylon, which codified the death penalty for 25 different crimes. The death penalty was also part of the Fourteen degree centigrade BCs Hittite Code, the Seventh Century BCs Draconian Code of Athens, which made death penalty for all crimes, and the Fifth Century BCs Roman Law of the cardinal Tablets. Death sent... ...ence. Once an inmate is executed, nothing can be make to make amends if a mistake has been done. Many of the stark releases from death rowing came about as a result of factors outside of the judge system. In other cases, DNA testing has exonerated death row inmates. Here, too, the justice system had concluded that these defendants were guilty and deserving of the death penalty. So it can be said that society takes many risks in which innocent lives are lost. Concluding remarksThough we are very far from achieving a worldwide ban on capital punish ment, there are certain situations in which the death penalty should be looked upon as a assault of universally accepted international norms. Where the death sentence is imposed on minors, pregnant woman or persons with psychiatric disorder, at odds with internationally recognised norms, it constitutes a human rights violation. Even where a death sentence is carried out in circumstances that are not compatible with internationally accepted procedural norms constitutes a human rights violation. Again, the conditions of detention and the time spent awaiting execution the death penalty may constitute a violation of human rights.