Saturday, December 28, 2019

Relevance Of The Great Gatsby - 1437 Words

The Great Gatsby’s Applications to Today In F. Scott Fitzgerald’s third novel â€Å"The Great Gatsby,† he demonstrates the social unrest between the upper and middle class in the 1920’s. Throughout the novel, the narrator, Nick Carraway, describes the life of the middle class while Jay Gatsby and Tom Buchanan represent the upper class. The idea of this unease and discourse was heavily accurate to the time-period in which it was written. In the 1920’s, known as the jazz age or the roaring twenties, women didn’t want to let go of their new-found independence in the work force, as well as, the right to vote. This characteristic was embodied in the woman both men claimed to love, Daisy Buchanan. Other than its historical perspective, â€Å"The Great†¦show more content†¦In his teens, James decided the farm life wasn’t for him so he went about doing odd jobs to make a living and due to his discussed towards his name changes it Jay Gatsby. This was to symbolize that he wanted to make more of himself and redefine his own image but at this point he didn’t have a set plan as to how. Then he, Jay Gatsby, then was eventually recruited to fight in the first world war. During this time, he met the love of his life Daisy Fay while stationed at Camp Taylor in Louisville Kentucky. He lied to convince her he was a wealthy young man from a similar back ground as the wealthy debutante. But Jay knew this was untrue, so after losing her heart to Tom Buchanan he set out to make himself a wealthy individual. Winning back Daisy’s heart was Jay’s motivation. In the 21-century society we live in today, there are many stereotypes that surround our youth around the age of the young Jay Gatsby. For the majority of youth today, there families have been established and there isn’t any real drive to strive to succeed because people are content with where they are in life, and due to this contentment â€Å"The American Dream† is dying. Our country is stagnating, with very little industrial growth in the last twenty-five years, we have become a consumer base d economy which means very little money coming into the country for goods produced in America. This can be linked back to how the newer generations don’t want to work hard to earn a betterShow MoreRelatedThe great Gatsby is too concerned with conveying a picture of 1920’s American society to have relevance to modern readers.1129 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿The great Gatsby is too concerned with conveying a picture of 1920’s American society to have relevance to modern readers. With reference to appropriately selected parts of the novel and relevant contextual information on both today’s society and society in the 1920’s, give your response to the above view.† As a heavily contextual literary piece, the great Gatsby written by F. Scott Fitzgerald is regarded as one of the greatest pieces of modern American literature of all time. The book as achievedRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1291 Words   |  6 Pagesand this is exactly what The Great Gatsby does. No one likes to be criticised however by placing this message underneath the extraordinary gifts of hope and the American dream, Fitzgerald has presented humanity’s social weaknesses in a way can be recognised by the public to encourage change. There is much speculation as to whether The Great Gatsby is truly worthy to be on ‘Top 100 Novels of All Time’ list however as technology continues to evolve, the novel’s relevance remains permanent. UnderneathRead MoreThe Great Gatsby1327 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿The Great Gatsby The Great Gatsby is too concerned with conveying a picture of 1920s American society to have relevance to modern readers. From what you have read of the novel so far and using relevant contextual information, give your response to the above view. The USA in the 1920s is remembered as the ‘Roaring Twenties’, an age of new life, of hedonism and opportunity following the horrors the Great War. The decade is synonymous with wealth, materialism and unprecedented freedom. F. ScottRead More Symbols and Symbolism in The Great Gatsby Essay1207 Words   |  5 PagesSymbolism in The Great Gatsby       Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby has more relevance in today’s society than it did when it was written. With the recent societal trend that emphasizes lack of morals and material wealth over a meaningful existence, Fitzgerald’s message really hits home. Which is more important - money or love? Social status or being true to oneself? Fitzgerald uses metaphor and symbols to great effect in order to illustrate what can happen when the pursuit of happinessRead MoreThe Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald756 Words   |  3 Pages Are those actions justified? Or does love and passion simply bind one’s self from the immorality and repercussions caused by one’s actions? These types of questions directly encompass the character, Jay Gatsby from the novel, The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald. The actions taken by Gatsby support one of the major themes prevalent in the novel: immorality. Immorality at the time this novel takes place-- the 1920â₠¬â„¢s-- seems to reflect not only the characters in the book, but also relate to theRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1068 Words   |  5 Pagesdescribing America’s failures rather than America’s success. The main theme The Great Gatsby by Fitzgerald is the American dream. In this novel, Frances Scott Fitzgerald shows how the virtuous and righteous ideal way to live turned into a tainted and marred aspiration. Fitzgerald wisely wrote that the American dream was â€Å"the last and greatest of all human dreams (Fitzgerald, 180)†. In The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, Jay Gatsby is destroyed by his view of his American dream, corrupted and perilousRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1292 Words   |  6 PagesThe book The Great Gatsby is often taught in high schools around the world. The book was written over 90 years ago, and despite that the book is still very common in high schools. The book if often used to show the beauty and r elevance of the character Gatsby and other symbols within the book. The story of Gatsby is set in New York City and on Long Island, within two locations known as West Egg and East Egg. These areas would be the Great Neck and Port Washington peninsulas on Long Island, in realRead MoreSociety and Class in The Great Gatsby843 Words   |  4 PagesSociety and Class in The Great Gatsby The Roaring Twenties, or the Jazz Age, was a period characterized by post-war euphoria, prosperity, profligacy, and cultural dynamism. There were significant changes in lifestyle and culture in the 1920s; many found opportunities to rise to affluence, which resulted in groups of newly rich people, such as the hero of Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby, Jay Gatsby. Set in this booming era, the novel portrays the lavish and reckless lifestyle of the wealthy and eliteRead More Use of Metaphor, Symbols and Symbolism in The Great Gatsby Essay1307 Words   |  6 PagesUse of Metaphor and Symbolism in The Great Gatsby      Ã‚     Some novels have more of an impact in modern society than when they were originally written. This is especially true with Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. Modern society can be termed corrupt, complete with tainted morals and an overemphasis on the acquisition of money and friends. Fitzgerald seeks the root of the problem and wants the reader to ponder whether he or she wants money and social status or fulfillment and truth. In his questRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1395 Words   |  6 Pagesmodernist 1920s, and his classic work The Great Gatsby was certainly a romantic book, and thusly did not succeed in his time; in fact, it did not succeed until after his death in the 1940s. Fitzgerald saw the green light, but it was just as out of reach to him as it was to Mr. Gatsby. Though The Great Gatsby was unappreciated through Fitzgerald’s life, it has left a lasting impression on American literature that will prevail through literature forever. The Great Gatsby was written circa 1924-1925, and was

Friday, December 20, 2019

Importance of Art Education in High School - 1515 Words

Creative Abilities: Why is Education of the Arts so Important in High School? Art is very important in all of our lives because it enhances our understanding to problem solve, boosts our creative thinking and heightens self-expression. It is also considered a form of entertainment, not only for ourselves but for the entertainment of others as well. â€Å"Art in a nation’s most precious heritage, for it is in our works of art that we reveal to ourselves and to others the inner vision which guides us as a nation. And where there is no vision, the people perish.† –Lyndon Johnson, on signing into existence the National Endowment of the Arts (Lyndon). Experiences in the arts such as dance, music, visual arts, creative writing and drama, are†¦show more content†¦If you think about it, in pre-school all you do is art! I remember making paper chain links and macaroni picture frames to put on the fridge. When a child becomes engaged in an art activity they become more calm and relaxed. By having these fun experiences children develop an interest for learning. Through art a child can better understand the relationship between things they see and experience and their reactions to them. Art for students between the ages of eight and eleven offers early opportunity of self-expression. This is crucial because If we could not creatively express ourselves, we would not be able to make a good connection with who we really are and the rest of the world around us. Conant stated that expressing experiences through art is a way of expressing more complex ideas and reactions than can be expressed through words. This means a child can understand things more fully when put into two or three-dimensional art work. At this age I remember experimenting with different tools and materials to create art that was personal to me. My drawings usually represented the area I lived in and all my animals I observed. Through my drawings I was able to connect with nature and express the joy and love I had for living in the mountains. These are experiences I will never forget. Once we reach junior high our experiences in art change. There is a shift from being a child to becoming anShow MoreRelatedHigh School And The Neural And Scholastic Benefits Essay1626 Words   |  7 PagesGerald Ford said, â€Å"Music education opens doors that help children pass from school into the world around them a world of work, culture, intellectual activity, and human involvement. The future of our nation depends on providing our children with a complete education that includes music.† Music can do so much for the youth of the nation because it encourages group cooperation, independent study, and a way to relax. It has often been debated whether the benefits of music in school are significant enoughRead MoreThe Importance Of Art Education1561 Words   |  7 Pagesto art professor Karin Evans, â€Å"Art is an irreplaceable way of understanding and expressing the world.† Many people agree that art brings joy and c ools students down after all the other hard work they have to think about during the school day. Art education can do much more than taking the stress away from the students. It can help students who have difficulty in core classes and help decrease the chances of dropouts. Art advocates have been stressing the benefits of art education to schools. WhenRead MoreThe Importance Of Theatre Arts For All High School Students1100 Words   |  5 Pagesresearching theatre, I came across the highs and lows of having the lack of funding for theatre programs in school. The goal of this paper is to explain the importance of theatre arts in public schools across the United States. The Theatre Arts Department provides performing and creative experiences in Theatre for all High School students. Theatre Arts programs offer a wide range of curricular courses and extra-curricular activities. Learning and experiencing theatre arts correlate intensely with higherRead MoreInâ€Å"Are Too Many People G oing To College?†, The Author,1239 Words   |  5 Pagesadvantages of a liberal arts undergraduate degree, diminishes the importance of a college B.A., and claims that more people should consider providing goods and services rather than pursuing more advanced careers. He begins by outlining the importance of â€Å"core knowledge† being taught at a younger age in order to provide students with â€Å"cultural literacy† in American history and literature. After addressing a basis of education, he continues to discuss the importance of a liberal arts education over a â€Å"brick-and-mortarRead MoreEducation Is The Act Of Creativity Through Performing Arts Programs1627 Words   |  7 PagesObtaining a childhood education has various outlets for students who have different styles of learning. Every student has strengths and weaknesses that are all catered to within the classroom. One of the major ways to increase and impact learning in elementary schools is through performing arts programs. However, over the years, a change in the education system’s views on the importance of art in education has begun to decline. Priorities have shifted and art in education has unfortunately beenRead MoreSchools Should Provide Better Funding For Such Programs1734 Words   |  7 PagesThink back to your primary and secondary school years. Do you remember going to music classes? Learning how to pluck out simple songs on the piano, a xylophone, or a recorder; or learning how to sing out a catchy tune? Did you have as much fun as I remember having? This fun is about to come to an end for the coming generations. Public schools are beginning to cut music programs from their budgets altogether, so our children may never know the sweet solace of scratching out a simple song. GenerallyRead MoreArts Education Importance Essay954 Words   |  4 Pagesa great problem in American schools. The ever increasing dropout rates are showing that teachers are not able t o stimulate and interest their students. Children and teens are losing their ability to think creatively and on higher level because of the lack of arts education in public schools. If all children had this privilege, they would have higher test scores, would more likely go to college, and less likely to commit crimes. Students who graduate from high school are drones of a test-centeredRead MoreA Study on Financing, Liberal Arts, and Equity1572 Words   |  6 PagesFinancing, Liberal Arts, Equity Introduction The existing public education system in America was established when education was a low priority. As the demands for greater education grew, the public education system tried but failed to keep pace with those demands. The educational system must standardize education across America, raise the percentage of students who have mastered basic skills and teach students to understand the importance of learning about a wide variety of subjects. TheRead MoreThe Importance Of A Liberal Arts Education972 Words   |  4 Pagesliberal arts school. There were many reasons why this was important to me, from having heard about it from my counselors to finding it important to have a broad education. I chose Hope College as the school I wanted to go to because it brought together the importance of God and Christianity and it also is a liberal arts school. When arriving at the school, I began to find out more about how important a liberal arts education is to increase your knowledge. The first part of a liberal arts educationRead MoreA Liberal Education Matters By Michael S. Roth1067 Words   |  5 PagesA Liberal Education Matters Liberal education- its relevancy and practicality- is a relevant topic; it is especially relevant in a day and age where college is not a leisure but a necessity. In his book Beyond the University: Why Liberal Education Matters (Yale University Press), Michael S. Roth argues, his pointedly biased opinion, on the importance of a liberal arts education. To Roth, a liberal education is an education that immerses the student in vast knowledge of a variety of humanity

Thursday, December 12, 2019

The Effectiveness of Commercial and Online Viral Advertising free essay sample

Commercial advertising, mainly television commercials, in comparison to viral advertising is more effective in generating awareness and is equally as effective in generating purchase intent (Robinson, 2009). However, no literature tackled viral advertising through word of month in modern day social networking such as Backbone and Mainstream. In this research, college students will be defined as the target audience of my research question, between the ages of 15 and 23. Viral advertising will be defined as the form of advertising that is most commonly executed online.In this research it comprises personal posts through social outworking sites such as Backbone, Mainstream, and Twitter. Commercial advertising will be defined as a form of advertising executed through multiple ways such as Out Of Home advertising, posters, and television commercials. Word of mouth will be defined as a component of viral advertising as a way for products to gain popularity and generate purchase intent in the absence of commercial advertising. We will write a custom essay sample on The Effectiveness of Commercial and Online Viral Advertising or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Crosscuts will be defined as a croissant-donuts hybrid made popular by a restaurant in New York and has become a trend in the Philippines. Literature Review A number of research studies are devoted to viral advertising and its effectiveness. Social media such as Backbone, Mainstream, Twitter, and Tumbler, are tools to execute viral advertising. In order to break away from the clutter of commercial advertising, marketers delve into viral advertising for more personal strategies and to form relationships with the consumers (Wright, Khan, Harrington, Kier, 2010). In the business world, viral advertising is known to be one Of the leading forms Of communication (Smith, Coyly, Lightproof Scott, 2007).On the other hand, the effectiveness of Commercial advertising through the use of billboards, television commercials and radio immemorial has declined over time (Robinson, 2009). Studies on Viral Advertising Like any other form of advertising, there are principles that need to be considered when using viral advertising. Dee Also, Bryce Bassett, and James Haskins (AAA) studied viral advertising, delving into the factors that aff ected viral advertising through the use of the Bayesian belief and other methods. The researchers (Also et al AAA) discussed principles that are necessary for successful viral advertising: viral advertising operates in a dynamic environment, is based on personal preferences and emotion, and involves OTOH negative and positive feedback. The Bayesian Belief Networks also showed that next to personal experiences, word of mouth was considered as the source with the highest credibility and influence when assessing consumer perceptions toward businesses (Also et al. AAA). However, the word-of-mouth phenomenon is complex and cannot be directly controlled, so that better business productivity is not always guaranteed in viral marketing (Also et al. , AAA). Ted Smith, James Coyly, Elizabeth Lightproof, and Amy Scott (Bibb) conducted a survey targeting CENT Network brand site visitors, participants ho had authentic web cookie for their visit to the brand in the last 120 days. In the survey, the researchers (Smith et al. Bibb) aimed to measure the influence of behavior of the participants by measuring data collected via the survey: what forms of communication they used and with whom did they communicate with, what did they commonly talk about online, and how involved they are in open forums. The study ended with multiple conclusions; having a large connection through personal networks does not mean having a large influence being one of them.Elizabeth Wright, Nile Khan, Catherine Harrington, and Lee Kier (2010) observed the decline of loud and noisy commercial advertising, having consumers actually pay to avoid commercial free programming and features similar to it. With the decline of commercial advertising, a trend in online media advertising has begun to grow and this is evident through the use Of social media as campaign strategies of political figures in the United States (Wright et al. , 2010).The advancement in technology along with consumers behavior turning away from the noise and clutter of advertising, companies are turning to social media and making personal connections to advertise to nonusers (Wright et al. , 2010). Studies on Commercial Advertising A quantitative research conducted by Raja Stentorian, Gerard Tells and Richard Bribers (2011 a) found that advertising elasticity, which is the percentage increase in sales or market share for a 1% increase in advertising (p. L can be used to measure the effectiveness of advertising.Tells and colleagues collected econometric models using market data in order to record advertising elasticity (2011 a). The researchers (Wright et al. , 201 1 a) found that compared to print advertising, television advertising elasticity is higher only in the short run; while print advertising elasticity is higher in the long run. Both short- and long-term advertising elasticity also seemed to decline over time (201 1 a). Peter Danger and Tracey Dagger (2013) used quantitative research to measure and compare the effectiveness of traditional advertising. The study aimed to help firms evaluate the effectiveness of their advertising channels. The research involved the development of a database of individual-level exposure. This combines ten media channels and purchase activity of the same participants into a single-source data. This is then used to estimate advertising effectiveness. The researchers (Danger Dagger, 201 3) collected a random sample of 20,000 people between the ages of 25 and 54 since this is the target market of the retail company being studied.A sale was then advertised through three different categories: online media (social networks such as Backbone and Twitter), mass media (television, newspapers, billboards and magazines), and direct media (catalogs and e-mail). Through quantitative research and data analysis, the results were as follows: traditional media still had a high rate of effectiveness with radio remaining insistently effective, online media remained inconsistently effective. The researchers (Danger Dagger, 201 3) advice firms to handle their own form of advertising and which form will be most suitable for the content and message they intend to broadcast. Sub-section on Viral vs.. Commercial Aching-Nan Chaos, Canaan Coors and Tiger Lie (2012) conducted a research on the effectiveness of traditional advertising with the emergence of online advertising. The strategic shift of businesses towards online advertising put into question the effectiveness of traditional advertising. The target artisans were mall goers, primarily the younger shoppers.The survey questionnaires were then handed out to the participants. Through a survey questionnaire, the researchers (Chaos et al. , 201 2) asked participants to evaluate the regularity they would the notice each of the variable messages advertised in Online advertising and traditional advertising, with 5 being the most frequent / always and 1 being equivalent to no regularity / never (Chaos et 2012). The t;Test was used in order to properly analyze two samples for two different categories from the same individual. The researchers (Chaos et al. 012) found that traditional advertising effectiveness is higher than that of online advertising and their hypotheses, where there is a difference between the effectiveness of traditional and online advertising, were declined. The research ended with a conclusion of advising businesses to balance their focus between online and traditional advertising. Through quantitative research, Dirk Bergmann and Alexandra Bonito (201 1) were able to study the key to maximum effectiveness of both online and traditional adver tising. The researchers designed models for advertising and product markets, and exponential models. With these models they were able to find the right forms of advertisement for specific products and messages. Sub-section on Product/Service and Audience Studies on viral and commercial advertising and their effectiveness in the Philippines on a Filipino audience have yet to be performed. However, the emergence of online advertising in the Philippines is slowly being recognized by the public through Newspaper articles.One article entitled Pinots trust word-of-mouth more than traditional, online ads Nielsen (TTS, 201 3), reported that traditional advertisements remained to be trusted among consumers. The Nielsen study, known as a global leader in measurement and information, said online advertising is dominating in increase in trust levels for consumers residing in Southeast Asia. The new-age in technology may be a major contributor to the rise in effectiveness of online advertising. Another finding of the Nielsen study is that regardless of form of advertising used, Filipinos are more drawn to relatable plots and heart warming stories in ads.Since there is no previous study related to this research, this research could possibly be an important tool to future studies on the emergence of viral advertising and the effectiveness of traditional advertising in the Philippines. The Elaboration Likelihood Method The theory to be used in this research question will be the theory of Elaboration Likelihood Model, formulated by John T. Capitol and Richard E. Petty in the asses. This theory explains how persuasion is dealt with in two ways: the central route and the peripheral route (White, 2011 b).The central route zeroes in on the worth of the persuasive message using a systematic process having high involvement from the receiver due to interest towards the message, while the peripheral route is triggered when the subject is not inclined and uninvolved to the worth of the persuasive message, White describes it to be heuristic (201 b). Though this theory may not tackle the effects of the message, it still discusses the process of how the receiver takes in the persuasive message and this is highly applicable to advertising and ultimately generating purchase intent.Choc Change-Hon. (1999) uses advertising on the world wide web as a form Of persuasion towards the receivers. Using the elaboration likelihood model, the researcher studies the high- and low-involvement of receivers when presented with online advertisements. The participants, a total of 203 undergraduates, were divided into two groups and had a pre-test wherein they were exposed to products and measured their involvement by using a semantic scale. The experiment then proceeded by asking the participants questions regarding their opinions and attitudes toward specific web sites and banner ads on each one.The second part of the experiment asked participants questions regarding their personal opinions towards advertising and online advertising in general. The last part of the experiment asked for the demographics of the participants. The results came out as follows: Participants in high-involvement situations had more chances of clicking the banner ads out Of interest as compared to those in low-involvement situations (Change-Hon., 1999). As for the low-involvement situations, receivers are more likely to click on banners that are eye catching, large in size and has dynamic animation (Change-Hon., 1999).Along with this theory will be the post-positivism worldview. I will be taking in the personal opinions of my participants and know that these opinions are their own making and is more of an objective truth. Methods Sampling The researcher will classify her friends in her social networks according to the following age brackets: 15-17, 18-20, and 21-23. The researcher will then use stratified random sampling to select a total of six people, two people from each age bracket. The researcher will then use snowball sampling until she has collected data from 12 people.Data Collection The researcher will contact the initial six participants through online means such as Backbone chat, or via text or call. Data will be collected through the interview method wherein the researcher will consult with each participant individually and ask a series of questions connected to the research question. The interview will be recorded using the recorder application on the phone and important points will be taken down during the interview process. After recording the interviews, each one will be transcribed by the researcher. Questions to be asked in the interviews can be found in Appendix B. Data Analysis Inductive Analysis will be used to analyze the data transcribed from the recorded interviews. Encoding the data will be the first step followed by the second step, which is to create domains for the coded data. After creating mains, the researcher will then analyze the domains and search for patterns or recurring themes. With these themes a generalization will be formulated among the domains.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Symbolism in Tennessee William’s ”The Glass Menagerie” Essay Sample free essay sample

In the first scene ofThe Glass Menagerie. Tom admits to a â€Å"poet’s failing for symbols. † The semi-autobiographical resemblance between Tennessee Williams and Tom has been pointed out by critics ( Porter. 1969 ; Leverich. 1995 ) and this confession of failing could good be the dramatist’s ain. for in this drama more than any of his others. he makes a frequent and arguably overt. usage of symbols. The most obvious of these symbols and decidedly the most discussed. is his usage of Laura’s glass menagerie to portray her submergence in an fanciful existence. She spends a batch of her clip engrossed in these small animate beings. She talks to them ; she plays with them ; she cleans them. The qualities of these animals and their small closed universe analogue Laura and her life. The menagerie â€Å"takes up a good trade of my clip. Glass is something you have to take good attention of. † says Laura in Scene VII. And like glass. she excessively needs to be taken attention of and protected. Arthur Ganz ( 1965 ) points out that the character of Laura is a development of that of Matilda inYou Touched Me.Williams had himself described Matilda as holding â€Å"the delicate. about crystalline quality of glass† ( Williams as cited in Ganz. 1965. p. 206 ) and Laura is clearly no different. She confines herself to the flat. barely of all time embarking out. immersed in her menagerie and her father’s old records which she plays on the record player. She is delicate and easy broken. And like the unicorn. she is non a animal of this universe but fabulous and queerly beautiful. When Tom has a battle with Amanda in Scene III. he by chance knocks over Laura’s aggregation. which is possibly a symbolic reminder of his duty for the saving of Laura’s universe. The unicorn. as Laura’s favourite animate being. becomes a particular symbol for her. Like ‘Blue Roses’ – Jim’s moniker for her. it does non suit into the natural order of the universe but exists in the imaginativeness ( Cardullo. 1998 ) . â€Å"Hold him over the visible radiation. he loves the visible radiation! You see how the light radiances through him? † Laura tells Jim in Scene VII. Metaphorically. she could be speaking approximately herself as she â€Å"shines† in the â€Å"light† of Jim’s attending. When Jim by chance breaks the horn of the unicorn. it is symbolic of his attempt to pull Laura out and normalise her. Without its tattletale horn. the unicorn looks much more like any ordinary Equus caballus. Laura excessively thinks that it is merely every bit good that the horn has broken because it makes the unicorn expression less capricious. She says that â€Å"now the unicorn will be like the other animate beings. † She craves for normality every bit good. And Jim. as the foreigner. gives her a brief glance of it ( Ganz. 1965 ) . When he tells her that he is engaged. nevertheless. she is awfully wounded and her concluding gift to him of the broken unicorn is a symbol of her ain tattered love. Thompson ( 1989 ) describes this as the minute ofanagnorisisor acknowledgment common to several of Williams’s dramas when the supporter is â€Å"stripped of semblances and delusions† ( p. 5 ) and faced by world. â€Å"This symbolic minute of demythication. or rite of divestiture. is by and large dramatized by a gesture of interrupting. riping. or otherwise shattering the concrete symbol† ( p. 5 ) . InThe Glass Menagerie. the symbol takes the form of the unicorn. There is another of import symbol that Williams uses to add deepness to Laura’s personality. She is a ‘cripple’ . lamed by a childhood disease. But this physical disability is besides an external symbol of her intensely diffident and nervous personality. The slippery thing about sing this to be a symbol is that her limping is besides the possible cause of her insecurity. Amanda is an affectionate. if instead demanding and ruling. female parent to Laura and Tom. In the face of their straitened fortunes. she frequently escapes into her memories of an idyllic yesteryear in the South when she had â€Å"seventeen gentlemen companies call on one Sunday afternoon in Blue Mountain. † E. M. Jackson ( 1965 ) negotiations about Williams’ symbolic usage of his Southern heritage. He points out how Williams remains on the Southern periphery of American mainstream researching the fringy Southerners lost in little towns and fostering their isolation. These are delicate small universes. which necessarily crack up under the force per unit area of world merely like Amanda’s ain universe cracked up when her hubby deserted her. Yet in her memory. they still represent that ideal clip that she ever longs to travel back to through her dreams of security and a ‘gentleman caller’ for Laura. The ‘gentlemen caller’ . which in Tom’s words is the â€Å"expected something that we live for. † takes on the symbolism of a path for flight for Amanda. By happening a hubby for Laura. she hopes to set an terminal to their fiscal troubles and happen some peace in a more settled life for her girl. When he eventually appears in the form of Jim in Scene VI. she is every bit excited by Laura’s chances as by a opportunity to live over her young person. She dresses up in one of her old girlish outfits from the yesteryear. She is chatty and expansive about her flowers. Her exuberance embarrasses Tom but it is a consequence of her association of the ‘gentleman caller’ with her ain aureate old ages. It is merely appropriate that the company should hold the personality of Jim. In his gap address. Tom himself mentions this. Jim is a courier from the existent universe. Williams’ symbol of the American Dream ( Haley. 1999 ) . He is s practical and ambitious whizz-kid who believes in self-reformation. He is fond of congratulations. sometimes selfish and careless with people’s feelings. It is the invasion of his trade name of world that eventually cracks up the Wingfield household. Tom is the storyteller of the drama and there are many symbols woven around him to add texture to his personality and his peculiar quandary. His pick is an antique 1. The pick between personal freedom and duty to one’s household. He hates his occupation at the warehouse. which deadens his appetency for life and is a poet at bosom. To acquire off from the humdrum of his occupation. Tom goes to the films at dark. As Crandell suggests. the â€Å"cinema provides both the drift and a convenient alibi for flight from unpleasant company and inhospitable surroundings† ( 2001. p. 1 ) . Often he comes back rummy. The films become a symbol of illusive flight. They are non existent and Tom realizes every bit much when he tells Jim in Scene VI that the films sedate people and do them content to populate through other people’s escapades. Tom’s enthusiasm over the charming show he sees is another illustration of a instead excessively obvious symbol for impermanent flight. But he remarks in the beginning of the drama that he is â€Å"the antonym of a phase prestidigitator. He gives you semblance that has the visual aspect of truth† . He is fascinated by a peculiar fast one that the magician performs ; he gets out of a nailed casket without taking out any of the nails. This is precisely the sort of charming fast one that Tom craves. He wants to get away from his current state of affairs. which is as dampening and stultifying as being stuck in a casket. But he wants to acquire out without damaging the casket. that is. his household. which is incarcerating him. When Tom gives Laura the scarf from the thaumaturgy show. he is possibly seeking to portion a spot of its bang and admiration with her and when he talks of the music from the Paradise Dance Hall. he is woolgathering of freedom and the outside universe . Another unnoticeable but changeless reminder of the desire for flight. which imbues Amanda and Tom. is the big framed exposure of their male parent that is a portion of the set throughout the drama. He is the â€Å"telephone adult male who fell in love with long distances† and abandoned his household. Amanda keeps dwelling on his abandonment over and over once more but his ocular image serves more to remind the audience of the fact that he was the 1 who really got off as none of the other characters have managed to so far. The Christian symbolism of the absent Mr. Wingfield has besides been commented upon by critics. Harmonizing to Thompson ( 1989 ) . he embodies the modern twenty-four hours thought of a God who seems mostly absent and unapproachable. The fire flight is seen in the background through the public presentation. The different characters use it otherwise to come in and issue. Williams makes its symbolism of flight copiously clear in his phase waies to the first scene. He says. while depicting its presence. that it is merely appropriate that it should be at that place as the cramped tenement edifices. the likes of which the Wingfield household lives in. are firing with the â€Å"implacable fires of human despair. † As a symbol. the fire flight is most closely linked with Tom. He uses it to come and travel from his nightly rovings. He delivers some of his addresss from it. He stands and listens to the music of the Paradise Dance Hall from its stepss. His place on it is representative of his place in life – he is standing in between the outside universe and his household. When Laura uses the fire flight to travel out she stumbles on it. She is insecure of the existent universe and apprehensions every venture into it. She trips over the hurdle of her concern category and fails to happen success with her one ‘gentleman caller’ . Seen as such. all her raids into the universe outside the flat are flawed with insecurity and failure. Her hopes of a better hereafter are doomed to futility. Likewise Amanda uses the stepss to re-enter her claustrophobic small life in Scene II and she comes heavy with the weight of Laura’s failure and fraudulence after holding discovered that she has dropped out of concern school. When she calls Laura to it and asks her to do a want on the â€Å"silver slipper of a moon† after detecting that Tom is eventually conveying a ‘gentleman caller’ to dinner. she is trusting for outside forces to step in and better their boxed-in. personal lives. All things move from the exterior to the interior f or Laura and Amanda. In fact. in the drama. it is merely to Tom who can utilize the fire flight successfully. In the terminal of Scene VII. Tom stands on the fire flight – that metaphorical infinite between his two universes and Tells us that the twenty-four hours eventually came when he used those stepss one last clip to neer come back. The fire flight becomes Tom’s path to freedom and an independent life. Like his male parent. he becomes what Williams’s calls a â€Å"fugitive outcast† in Orpheus Descending ( p. 144 ) ; a adult male who merely runs off from a hard state of affairs ( Daley. 1999 ) . In the background of the drama. the frequent mentions to World War II and Guernica represent the universe outside the closed universe of this household and its concerns. Its unrest closely matches the agitation in the drama. Besides audiences would hold been cognizant that the clip depicted in the drama is the immediate period before war broke out and its effects were felt in America every bit good. This baleful sense of predicting this creates symbolizes and anticipates the manner the troubles in the Wingfield family’s life are besides about to come to a caput with Tom’s going. Possibly. any treatment of symbolism inThe Glass Menageriewill ever experience uncomplete because of the overplus of symbols Williams uses in the drama. In the phase waies. Williams even indicates topographic points in the text when slides – such as one picturing a blue rose – should be shown in the background during public presentation to add deepness to dialogue or reenforce the unreal. otherworldly experiencing of clip gone by. It is deserving sing that it isThe Glass Menagerie’s construction as a memory drama that allows it to acquire off with the instead ‘in-your-face’ trade name of symbolism that Williams employs. The text successfully uses a broad figure of images to make association and significance in much the manner existent memory does without looking pretentious. It may be the ground why all these assorted symbols blend together with easiness to make such an redolent and richly expressive ambiance. Bibliography Cardullo. B. ( 1998 ) . The blue rose of St. Louis: Laura. romanticism. andThe Glass Menagerie[ Electronic version ] .The Tennessee Williams Annual Review. Crandell. G. W. ( 1998 ) . The cinematic oculus in Tennessee Williams’sThe Glass Menagerie[ Electronic version ] .The Tennessee Williams Annual Review. Daley D. E. ( 1999 ) . â€Å"Certain moral values† : A rhetoric of castawaies in the dramas of Tennessee Williams. [ Electronic version ] Dissertation: Alabama University Press. Ganz. A. ( 1965 ) . The despairing morality of the dramas of Tennessee Williams. In A. S. Downer ( Ed. ) .American play and its critics( pp. 203-207 ) . Chicago and London: Chicago University Press. Jackson. E. M. ( 1965 ) .The broken universe of Tennessee Williams. Madison: Uracil of Wisconsin P Leverich. L. ( 1995 ) .Tom: The unknown Tennessee Williams. New York: Crown. Porter. T. E. ( 1969 ) .Myth and the modern American play. Michigan University Press. Thompson. J. J. ( 1989 ) .Tennessee Williams’s plays: Memory. myth. and symbol. New York: Peter Lang. Williams. T. . ( 1976 ) . Orpheus falling. InTennessee Williams: Four dramas.New York: Penguin.