Saturday, May 18, 2019
New York’s Midtown North
New Yorks Midtown North is do up of several precincts, with one unique in the city the CPP, or Central car park Precinct. The precinct is crustal plate to 42 species of birds year round, with up to 300 species sighted there at various seasons, and there argon similarly squirrels, birds, fish, rabbits, turtles, frogs and other animals. There be non, however, any gay residents. There is an enormous amount of human activity occupying the 840 acres of land and 150 acres of water. In addition to 58 miles of pedestrian paths, 6 miles of vehicle drives and almost 5 miles of bridle paths, there are overly world-class attractions, including1. Tavern on the Green Restaurant5. Loeb Boathouse (miniature sailboat club)11. Bethesda Terrace and Fountain14. The Metropolitan Museum of Art (NYPD entanglement site)The greens itself was knowing in 1858 by Frederick Law Olmstead and Calvert Vaux, two giants of architecture of the period. The nations first designated public park, Central Park i s set(p) out so that, even when the park is full of people and events, there are hidden, quiet places as well as open fields. Although between 16 and 20 million people visit the park each year, it is possible to feel completely alone with nature among the parks 26,000 trees. (One can also play tennis on 30 courts, or ball on 26 ball fields or swimming in a pool at the northern send away, or ride a merry-go-round not far from the Central Park Zoo.) (NYPD Web site)In addition, the Delacorte Theatre has Shakespeare in the Park from mid June through the end of August each year. The Central Park Summerstage, located at Rumsey Playground E. 72 St. and the East Drive, has exone grade performances from June through the beginning of August on Saturdays and Sundays at 3 pm. The New York Grand Opera has kick performances at various times throughout the summer(NYPD Web site).It seems that of all the precincts in New York City, the CPP is unequivocally appropriate for Problem-Oriented Polici ng.In addition, because of New Yorks position as a world city and after 9/11, the NYPD has also benefited from learning how to blow up, a tactic that can be invaluable in a precinct where incidents are in all likelihood to happen at odd times at specific locations. Surging has lately been perfected for putative(prenominal) terrorist activities At least three times a day, New Yorks intelligence division sends 100 officers to buzz a specific location that their information suggests could be a target. Its called a surge (Montaigne, 2005). When a surge happens, officers spend the five or six hours after it fanning out into the neighborhood, shops and subway, asking questions and looking for anything suspicious.In 2004 and so far in 2005, there go been no murders in Central Park, and but one screw up in 2005. Robbery, however, has increased, with none 6 in 2005 to date, and 4 in 2004. Felonious assault is tweak ho3wever, from 4 in 2004 to 2 in 2005 to date. There was one burglary in 2004, none in 2005 to date. Grand thieving is also may be down for the year. In 2004 there were 11, with 7 in 2005 to date.Citywide, the murder rate is down, from 184 in 2004 to 161 in 2005 to date, for a 12.5 percent decrease at current rates. Rape is also down, from 627 in 2004 to 585 in 2005 today, a 6.7 percent rate of change. Robbery was up, however, from 7,638 for all of 2004 to 7,690 to date in 2005. Felonious assaults were down from 5,842 in 2004 to 5,430 t date in 2005, for a decrease of 7 percent. Burglaries were also down, from 9.981 in 2004 to 7,767 in 2005 to date, a 13.5 percent decrease. Grand larceny citywide was also down, although by just 1.8 percent, from 15,258 in 2004 to 14,976 in 2005 to date (NYPD Compstat).These statistics are surprising, in view of the difficulties inherent in patrolling Central Park. In 1965, poet Robert Lowell published a poem called Central Park that seemed to expose precisely what was happening then.each landscaped crag, each skin r ashhides a policeman with a club (Quoted by Vitullo-Martin, 2003).Vitullo-Martin noted that design ele manpowerts that boostered make the park a refuge from the city-secluded woodlands, hidden coves, paths that curve and dip from sight, Lowells flowering shrubs-also made the park hard to protect or patrol. Central Parks fame and beauty made it a prized site for concerts, protests, marches, rallies and celebrations. But the huge crowds also attracted crime (2003).Arguably, the component that made the difference between then and now can be attributed to the characteristics of Problem-Oriented Policing. Compstat is an integral part of that strategy, masking police captains at a glance where the trouble spots are, both geographically and in price of types of crime. According to Moore (2005), Problem-oriented policing ( show up) is a police management philosophy that entails SARA scanning to identify, specify, and describe specific problems to include analytic thinking in which the c auses of the identified problems are explored fully and response that refers to the search for tailor made solutions to remove the specific or general causes of the problems through implementation of concepts supported by assessment concerning the process where the solutions implemented are evaluated in terms of effectiveness and strategies. Although Moores definition sounds overly analytical, in fact, POP depends for success on all the buzzword tactical maneuver of modern business values, ethics, communication, vision and empowerment.Glassoock, writing in the FBI Journal in 2001, noted that although POP initiatives have had an excellent affect on external, end-product issues-that is, reduction of crime-it seems prudent and appropriate to also apply the concept to immanent problems.Glassoock contends that the likelihood of success with the end product is much influenced, if not driven, by the organizations internal constitution (2001). A department must, he says, attend to interna l issues with thoughtful deliberation. In addition, he recommends that so-called outsiders much(prenominal) as citizens and business leaders be invited to contribute to initiatives, and goes so far as to say that To the extent that a police department remains open to the inclusion of these individuals, the likelihood of successful internal problem-solving increases (2001). As noted, successful internal operations-including communication and empowerment, especially-are requirement to producing the end-product, lower crime rates.New York City and especially the CCP, are heavy involved in just such efforts.Chief among its programs are an Auxiliary Police unit of measurement consisting of men and women from 17 to 60 years of age. They patrol the park in uniform acting as the eye and ears of the police. There are 42 members, whose work is supplemented by the work of 42 Parkwatchers, concerned citizens who keep a watchful eye on the park. When criminal activity is observed they repor t it to the police (NYPD Web site). It is unequivocal that CCP, perhaps more than other city precincts, interacts frequently and effectively with non-officer personnel who are trusted with strategic work.Another such outfit is the Roadrunners Safety Patrol. These helpers patrol in pairs and carry interwatch radios there are 72 of them. An additional 70 New York Skaters Association members are also enlisted to provide information to the precinct (NYPD Web site). peradventure the most famous of the groups assisting the CCP is the Guardian Angel Patrol. There are 61 Guardian Angels prepare and enlisted.An essential part of the POP program is the Park Enforcement Patrol, or PEP. Established by the NYC Department of Parks and Recreation, it is a unformed patrol with the mission of providing safer parks, encouraging the public in the proper use of parks and disapprove the misuse and destruction of park property. During the busy weekend and summer periods, and during all special events such as concerts and races, PEP officers patrol the park to help people enjoy the event and to keep order. If park users drop dead ill or are injured, the PEP officer will provide first aid and indicate an ambulance and police. People in trouble and in need of assistance look for PEP officers. These specially trained officers also assist the N.Y.P.D. by enforcing persona of emotional state violations in the park (NYPD Web site).Working with them is the only volunteer ambulance service in Central Park, the Central Park Medical Unit, which responds to accidents involving park users, bicyclists, rollerbladers, joggers, etc.. The Central Park Medical Unit assists the N.Y.C.E.M.S. (NYPD Web site).The POP success doesnt depend entirely on uniformed and/or trained volunteers, however. The CCPs Robbery Reduction Unit consists of one Sergeant and five Police Officers who are deployed at robbery prone locations (NYPD Web site).Non-police work also becomes part of the mission in a POP-dri ven social unit such as CCP. For instance, in concert the Central Park Precinct Youth Officers and Community Police Unit conduct truancy sweeps (NYPD Web site).While trying to keep kids in school, the precinct also tries to keep bicycles in the hands of their rightful owners. CCP runs a bicycle registration program in an effort to deter thefts (NYPD Web site).A unique N-Force is a unit consisting of one sergeant and three police officers that focuses on quality of life conditions they are deployed at areas that the precinct commander designates as priority locations (NYPD Web site).In its dialog with the community, CCP also has a Community Council that meets with police officials to seek ways to solve local problems the CCP council has 146 active members. Finally, CCP participates in a Thanksgiving Food Drive and a Winter Coat Drive, as well as Toys for Tots to help children in disadvantaged families (NYPD Web site).The first item on the NYPD mission statement is To protect life an d property, reduce crime, improve the quality of life while dealing with the citizens of this city with courtesy, professionalism, and respect (NYPD Web site). It is patent both from the crime statistics in this global playground and the number, range and type of community and quasi-police organizations that communications, values, vision and empowerment are working in this highly unusual precinct, in which there are no residents, but only visitors of every possible type and intent.Glassoock notes that since the 1980s, law enforcement agencies have applied the concept of problem-oriented policing to many community problems, such as alcohol-related crimes, burglaries, graffiti, sex offenses, and trespassing all of which a precinct that was completely park and special-use structures would be prone to have. Glassoock notes that Because POP emphasizes solving a problem as the dominant decision-making mode, officers attaining management positions must rethink their decision-making style s learned in the first place in their careers. They must consider that the appropriateness of different decision-making styles varies depending upon whether officers are responding to calls or solving problems (2001). It is apparent that CCP has been successful.