Wednesday, September 11, 2019
Government & Business in Southeast Asia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words
Government & Business in Southeast Asia - Essay Example Southeast Asia has a patrimonial government that enables corruption in all areas of government, authoritarian politics, open bureaucracies, and unregulated market prices. This kind of system works positively on the economy but for a period. The ownership of businesses is to certain families and such businesses are passed on to the next generation. The beauty of this is that the business does not give an account of its activities either to the government or to shareholders. However, such businesses cannot sustain the economy for a long period. As businesses transfer ownership from one generation to the other, mismanagement of funds occurs and withdrawal of capital can cause closure of a business. In a patrimonial leadership, Ã¢â¬Å"rules are applied with partiality and some citizens get partiality treatmentÃ¢â¬ (Brinkerhoff & Goldsmith, 2007, p.7). This calls for corruption in leadership. Businesses bribe the politicians and higher government authorities to evade taxes and customs. This eventually leads to a government that cannot sustain itself and with a big deficit. Statistics show that one of the causes of East Asia economic crisis in 1997 and 1998 is corruption, mass economic distortions, and inefficiencies. In addition, Ã¢â¬Å"A Patrimonial leadership is characterized by administrators who are promoted as a reward for personal connections with political leadersÃ¢â¬ (Brinkerhoff & Goldsmith, 2007, p.7). Leaders in any economy ought to follow the right channels in their selection. That is on competitive bases on merit and expertise. This enabled them to carry out their accordingly with professionalism and strategically plan for the future. To add to this, businesses need such leaders to take advantage of emerging opportunities and use them to overcome the threat in the market. This empowers an economy to compete with itself and with its neighborhoods.